Literature, Satire and the Early Stuart State

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Oxford: Oxford University Press, Examines power and representation in colonial Bengal particularly an area of Calcutta through commercial print culture and language. Considers the satirization of urban elite customs by newly literate marginalized groups. Gray, Donald J. The main emphasis is on the more light-hearted, entertainment-centered mode, but a section on the nonsense verse of Edward Lear, Lewis Carroll, and W.

Gilbert complicates the distinction. Martin, Robert Bernard. Oxford: Clarendon, Addresses prose essays on humor as well as novels, including work by Dickens, Eliot, and Thackeray; concludes in with Meredith. Matz, Aaron. Satire in an Age of Realism. Palmeri, Frank. Edited by Ruben Quintero, — Malden, MA: Blackwell, Distinguishes narrative satire from verse or novelistic forms as attacking cultural oppositions without seeking an accommodation. Wagner-Lawlor, Jennifer, ed. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, Twelve essays considering a variety of types of comedy in Victorian writing, including Gilbert and Sullivan, Dickens, Arnold, Gaskell, and Wilde.

Quintero is a valuable main companion for ongoing scholarly consultation, while Snodgrass is an excellent resource for all levels of research into satire.

For scholars seeking a wider contextual understanding of satire, Charney offers a wide-ranging resource for the general study of comedy, while Brake and Demoor is invaluable for students and scholars on 19th-century journalism in general. Bryant and Heneage provides information on visual satirists. Brake, Laurel, and Marysa Demoor, eds. Ghent, Belgium: Academia Press, Further information about the book is available online. Bryant, Mark, and Simon Heneage, eds. Dictionary of British Cartoonists and Caricaturists, — Aldershot, UK: Scolar Press, Charney, Martin, ed.

Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide. Westport, CT: Praeger, Large selection of essays examining comedy from a range of geographical perspectives as well as its key genres. Particularly useful are Heather L. I, pp. Quintero, Ruben, ed.

A Companion to Satire: Ancient and Modern. Twenty-nine essays exploring satire from Biblical texts through to the early 21st century. Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. Encyclopedia of Satirical Literature. There are several anthologies that gather selections from English and British satire in general; this section selects some collections of particular relevance to Victorian literature. The primary focus of Strachan is Romantic-era satire, but its scope extends to the early Victorian period.

The cost of the collection will make it largely accessible only via libraries, but it is recommended for students and researchers wishing to build an awareness of the range, nature, and politics of earlyth-century poetic satires.

Literature, satire, and the early Stuart state - ილიას უნივერსტეტი

Claeys and Sargent will help scholars of Utopian fiction place its Victorian examples in generic context. Haywood — republishes a significant Chartist satire. Claeys, Gregory, and Lyman Tower Sargent, eds. The Utopia Reader. Selections of samples of utopian writing, including extracts from Samuel Butler and William Morris. Discussed under Utopias and Dystopias. Haywood, Ian, ed. Chartist Fiction.

Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, — Jerrold, Douglas. The Best of Mr. Edited by Richard M. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, Collects the writings in Punch magazine of the prominent Victorian comic journalist Douglas Jerrold. Strachan, John, ed. British Satire, — There are a number of bibliographies relating to comedy more generally, including Evans , and Duffy and Gerould with reference to theater and performance studies. In literary studies guides, Marcuse provides a helpful guide for material up to , while Shattock is a comprehensive general source.

Connery and Combe cited under Definitions and Theoretical Contexts contains useful bibliographic material. Duffy, Meghan, and Daniel C. Gerould, eds. New York: Martin E. Segal Theatre Center, Bibliography relating to comedy in drama, theatre, and performance; useful for scholars of satirical drama as well as performance studies.

Evans, James E. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, Includes sections on 19th-century comic theory and on satire. Informative annotations and an author and subject index. Marcuse, Michael J. By Michael J. Marcuse, — Berkeley: University of California Press, Guide introducing and describing reference sources for broadly defined English studies.

Useful section on humor and satire. Shattock, Joanne, ed. The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. The standard general bibliography of English literature, widely available in university libraries. Studies in Contemporary Satire is perhaps the most prominent journal that focuses specifically on satire, although scholars should also consult the Satire Newsletter. There are a number of journals relating to humor studies that contain several discussions of satire: Readers can consult the indexes for Victorian-specific material. Humor is the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Humor, while Thalia is of use to literary scholars specifically.

The articles in Clark consider satire from a range of stylistic perspectives. Kernan is a special issue of the major literary journal the Yearbook of English Studies in memory of Robert Elliott, a prominent theorist on satire, while Mallett is a special issue on satire across a number of modern languages.


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Neither contains very much 19th-century material, but both offer critical and theoretical perspectives on the field. There is also a wide field of Victorian-related journals whose indexes scholars can consult for material relevant to satire, including Victorian Studies. Clark, John R. Special Issue: Satire: Language and Style. Thalia: Studies in Literary Humor 5. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research. Annual four-issue volume. International interdisciplinary journal associated with the International Society for Humor Studies, which also publishes a humor research series.

Kernan, Alvin, ed. Elliot, — Yearbook of English Studies 14 Special issue in memory of the important theorist of satire Robert C. Mallett, Phillip, ed. Special Issue: Satire. Forum for Modern Language Studies Essays address a range of European texts and time periods. Articles available online for purchase or by subscription. Satire Newsletter.

Victorian Studies. Realist satire was therefore more likely to operate through social commentary and to be softened in its attack, at least on individuals, by the desire to avoid excessive caricature.

Edited by Andrew Hiscock and Helen Wilcox

Despite its age, Russell would be a solid starting point for students of the Victorian novel. George Eliot b. The novels of Benjamin Disraeli b. Joseph Conrad b. Rudyard Kipling b. The Victorian legal world was a recurring target of satirical attack by novelists such as Dickens see also Charles Dickens ; Schramm considers the adversarial nature of satire in the context of the s development of narrative realism and legal rhetoric.

Bidney, Martin. Hertz, Bertha Keveson. Examines four early satirical novels of Disraeli from to as a process of autobiographical self-probing and self-revelation. Judge, Jennifer. Edited by Julie Nash and Barbara A. Suess, — Meckier, Jerome. Price, Martin. Edited by Alvin Kernan. The Yearbook of English Studies 14 : — Richardson, Alan. Includes discussion of critical parody in Lewis Carroll and W. Available online by subscription. Russell, Frances Theresa. Satire in the Victorian Novel. London: Macmillan, Schaffer traces the late-century parodic construction of the New Woman.

Lettmaier places angelic gender ideals in conjunction with the rhetoric of breach-of-promise legal cases. Cohen, Monica. Edited by Nicola Diane Thompson, 99— Gillooly, Eileen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Lettmaier, Saskia. By Saskia Lettmaier, — Calls attention to the predomination of satire in fiction relating to breach of marriage promise cases. Aristocratic Women and the Literary Nation, — Examination of the role of aristocratic women writers in the mid-Victorian literary and political worlds.

Schaffer, Talia. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave, Walker, Nancy. Edited by June Sochen, 85— Detroit: Wayne State University Press, Visual humor was an important aspect of Victorian satire, especially caricatures and cartoons by artists such as George Cruikshank b. Art of the Print offers a very useful online guide to satirical artists, while the collection of Punch illustrations in Appelbaum and Kelly is a helpful resource for students without print or online access to the periodical.

George traces the changing traditions of graphic satire, while Hunt considers their influence on Dickens, especially in relation to the great 18th-century satirical cartoonist William Hogarth b. Bills positions London as a crucial topic of satire. Kelly offers an insight into the prominent illustrator and writer George Du Maurier b.

Maidment convincingly examines parodic title pages in the s as a means through which to understand the changing nature of readership and the popular press. Many serialized novels were accompanied by illustration: novelists such as Dickens often worked closely with illustrators including Cruikshank, Leech, and Hablot K. Aubrey Beardsley b. Appelbaum, Stanley, and Richard Kelly, eds. Great Drawings and Illustrations from Punch, — New York: Dover, Bills, Mark. The art of satire: London in caricature.

London: Philip Wilson, Dowling, Linda C. George, M. London: Penguin, Examines graphic satire in the 18th and 19th centuries and the changing satirical modes involved. Hunt, John Dixon. Edited by John Dixon Hunt, — New York: Norton, Kelly, Richard. The Art of George du Maurier. Maidment, Brian.

Examination of a group of lithographed caricatures of magazine and journal title pages produced between and by a number of artists. Maidment has worked on caricature in general in the period. Owens, Susan. The flourishing of print culture in the early 19th century produced many periodicals, whose emphasis on contemporary sociopolitical and literary commentary made several of them important vehicles for satire.

Traditions of satire were also carried on midcentury by the more mellow, though still politically engaged, satires of Punch. Punch, or the London Charivari — , probably the periodical most closely associated nowadays with Victorian satire, was founded in by Henry Mayhew b. Combining humorous prose, poetry, and cartoons, it represented itself as the commonsense defender of Britain and its values in commenting on current affairs; Price gives an accessible history see also Illustrators, Cartoonists, and Caricaturists.

Fun — was a lesser-known, more liberal satirical rival to Punch. It is primarily known for its visual caricatures of famous figures. There were also many Victorian comic journals self-described as satirical, which in fact usually concentrated on lighter humor. Strachan is an accessible overview of the field. Palmeri traces the decline of satire as a genre-defining mode by the s. Taylor traces how the intensive railway expansion of the 19th century, with its consequent alterations of transport speeds, potential dangers, and new social spaces created by railway carriages and stations, provided periodicals with ample material for satirical comment.

Brake and Demoor cited under Reference Works should be consulted for detailed information on individual magazines and authors. Traces the waning of satire as a genre over the first half of the 19th century through an examination of the periodical contributions of George Cruikshank and William Thackeray.

Price, Richard. A History of Punch.

Steven E. Jones, Satire and Romanticism

London: Collins, Strachan, John. Considers the development of satirical print culture following mechanical innovation and the expansion of print. Discusses working-class positioning within print culture. Taylor, James. Classical and Augustan legacies of satire were predominantly rooted in poetry, but Victorian literature has few, if any, major works of verse satire. Yet satire continued to exercise a significant albeit less generically formalized shaping influence on Victorian poetry.

Eighteenth- and earlyth-century traditions of satirical commentary in working-class ballads and street rhymes continued, especially during the social unrest of the s. Probably the most prominent satirical poet of the day was Robert Browning b.

A refereed scholarly Website devoted to the study of Romantic-period literature and culture

Other poets associated with satire include A. Swinburne b.

Alfred Tennyson b. Many Victorian poets—especially Tennyson—found themselves the target of poetic satires; Firmilian is W. Richards is a good starting point for the study of Victorian poetic satire. Richards and McGillis are both useful introductions to the workings of nonsense verse. As regards Browning, many of the large number of critical works on the poet address his satire. Kelly, Robert L. McGillis, Roderick. Harrison, — Oxford: Blackwell, Richards, Bernard. English Poetry of the Victorian Period, — Harlow, UK: Longman, Overview of Victorian poetry of particular use to undergraduates and scholars seeking an initial understanding of key areas.

Ryerse, Barbara. Tebbetts, Terrell L. Notes use of Caliban as a figure of mockery in the context of evolutionary concerns of the s. Evangelicism, with its emphasis on speech and emotion, generated considerable satirical interest: authors such as Dickens offered caricatures of hypocritical preachers. Huxley b. Cunningham is an influential work on the literary representation of religious dissent, which includes discussion of satirical attacks, while Wheeler incorporates ironical and satirical approaches to theological debates.

Maidment examines visual culture to argue for a move from caricature-centered modes of religious satire to more socially interactive models. Paradis provides an informative analysis for scholars of both satire and science regarding the popular reception of science through satire, while Noakes considers the contributions of Punch to popular discourse on science.

Attacks on and defenses of Darwinian ideas have been much discussed; Browne considers the underexplored role of caricature in this process. See also Utopias and Dystopias. Browne, Janet. Notes the special popularity of the ape motif in cartoons associated with Darwin. Cunningham, Valentine. Examination of the role of dissent Protestant religious movements and affiliations that defined themselves as separate from the Church of England and representations of dissent in the Victorian novel.

Edited by Victoria Morgan and Clare Williams, — Series of satirical prints from — Noakes, Richard. Addresses three decades — of scientific content in Punch , discussing the complexity of its satire and its educative effects. Paradis, James G. CrossRef Google Scholar. Patrick Thomas ed. Elizabeth H. Wilson ed. Myra Reynolds ed. Smith ed. Nutt, , pp. Ezell ed. Madeleine Forell Marshall ed.

By a Lady London: Thomas Combes, , p. See Frank H. Ellis ed. Centlivre New York: Greenwood, , p. Rivington, , p. King There are no affiliations available.