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At times, there is no human community left, for him, other than in the monumental and devastating suffering of the trenches.
Ernst Jünger, Total Mobilisation and the Work of War
One must realize that war is shared and Conflict is Justice, and that all things come to pass and are ordained in accordance with conflict. For him, Heraclitus does not praise war but rather clarifies the most pressing question about it: how does war reflect those historical moments when social, political and cultural orders fail to grasp that their self-assurance has crossed the threshold towards hubris, and the limits of a certain system of values have been reached?
To continue reading the paper Go to Original — academia. He explores how core philosophical arguments about the nature of the self, meanings and implications of work, and human organisation reappear encoded in the contemporary culture of managerialism. Together with Laurence P.
Lunches in the Maelstrom
His research focuses on the historical development of managerialism and the philo-sophical dimensions of business and capitalist ethics. In accordance with title 17 U. TMS has no affiliation whatsoever with the originator of this article nor is TMS endorsed or sponsored by the originator.
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Learn how your comment data is processed. Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article:. Donate now:. Monday, 19 August, - Sunday, 18 August, - Wednesday, 14 August, - Friday, 9 August, - You were very successful and worked hard in your life. You lived a long life that you deserved. You will be remembered. Thursday, 8 August, - Tuesday, 30 July, - Saturday, 20 July, - Thursday, 18 July, - Thank you for representing my country. You impressed me. To honour you I will write a historical novel about you. Wednesday, 17 July, - Tuesday, 16 July, - Sunday, 14 July, - Friday, 12 July, - Tragedy and horror of war on both sides.
Bravery also displayed.
Did his part for his county. Jason Romeo. Tuesday, 9 July, - Thursday, 4 July, - Sunday, 30 June, - Friday, 14 June, - Tuesday, 11 June, - Most impressive of all, your intelligence and leadership continued to shine after the war. Saturday, 1 June, - Wednesday, 29 May, - Friday, 24 May, - Ron Collins. Wednesday, 22 May, - Thursday, 9 May, - Thank you for sacrificing your life for Australia. May we remember all the things you did for our Country.
Wednesday, 8 May, - Thank you so much for shaping our future, without you we would not be enjoying life as we are today. Monday, 6 May, - Saturday, 4 May, - Thursday, 2 May, - Saturday, 27 April, - Wednesday, 24 April, - Tuesday, 23 April, - Enlistment and Pre-war Toogle Caption off. Courtesy of the Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach. The Western Front Toogle Caption off. German troops attack through a cloud of gas.
Trench Life View the transcript Close the transcript. Passages from his wartime diary describe the routine, conditions and lethal nature of trench-life, which was common to both sides. Yet there were many pleasant hours even in the line. I often sat at the table of my little dugout, whose roughly planked walls, hung with weapons, had a look of the Wild West, and enjoyed a pleasant feeling of being comfortably tucked away, as I drank a cup of tea, read and smoked while my batman was busy at the tiny stove and a smell of toast rose in the air.
No one who fought in the trenches has missed this mood. Outside, along the fire-bays went the stamp of heavy, regular steps; a challenge rang out in monotone when someone passed along the trench. The dulled ear scarcely detects the never-ceasing rifle-fire, or the short whack of a bullet striking, or the Verey lights that sizzle near the opening of the air-shaft. It was then I took out my notebook from my map-case and wrote down in brief the events of the day.
Just at this time two pioneers were wounded on our wire. One shot through both legs. The other shot through the ear. During the morning the left-flank post [sentry] was shot through both cheek-bones. The blood spurted in thick streams from the wound. To finish the bad luck, [when] Lieutenant Ewald … turned to get down off the fire-step a shot shattered the back of his head.
He died instantly. One of the men was blown against the boarding of the trench.
‘A German Officer in Occupied Paris’ Review: A Very Refined Occupation
He suffered severe internal injury, and a splinter cut the artery of his arm. In the early morning mist, while repairing our wire in front of our right flank, we found a French corpse that must have been months old. In the night we had two casualties wire-carrying. The only comfort was that the English were no better off, for they could be seen busily scooping the water out of their trench. As we were on higher ground, they had the benefit of the superfluous water we pumped out as well.
The weather was dry and the trench freshly revetted; and now and then we had an hour or two of leisure and comfort. I sat every evening in my dugout at my little writing-table and read, or talked when I had a visitor … Those pleasant hours in the dugout outweigh the memory of many days of blood, dirt and exhaustion. They were, too, only possible during the long periods of, comparatively speaking, quiet trench warfare. I jumped over the entanglement in front of the reserve line and was soon in the middle of the gas-cloud. I put on the mask, but quickly tore it off again.
I had run so fast that I could not get enough air through the intake. His incredible lifespan alone he died a month shy of his rd birthday spanned the Kaiserreich , the German Revolution, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, the Federal Republic of Germany, and finally, reunited Germany in his final decade — and was active in all of them. As such, his life itself can be seen as a symbol of Germany in the twentieth century, albeit he remained unconventional throughout all of its phases. After receiving his training, he was sent to the front in France in December.
After the war, he wrote a series of books based on his experiences, most famously Storm of Steel , the book for which he is still best-known in the Anglophone world, and which was closely based on the diaries he had kept during the conflict.
A German Officer in Occupied Paris | Columbia University Press
In the s they secured his veneration by German nationalist circles, including the fledgling National Socialist Party. Upon leaving the Army, he briefly participated in the nationalist Freikorps , but left quite soon, by his own account because he found the people in it to be of generally low character, who frequently asked to borrow money from him.
He also became an accomplished photographer. He never joined any party, however, and while he maintained contact with the National Socialists as well as with other parties, he refused to participate in any direct way. It was a monumental project which perhaps has no precedent in the West since the ancient Greeks. Many years later, he was to remark that if Niekisch had become the leader of Germany in the s instead of Hitler, that the history of Germany in the twentieth century would have taken an entirely different, and more successful, course.
It was also during this year that he published his last nationalist writings, adopting an apolitical attitude from that point forward. He turned down all offers of official posts from them, refused to allow his writings to appear in official Nazi publications, and would not appear on Nazi radio broadcasts. In , he published the novel On the Marble Cliffs , which is a thinly-veiled allegory about totalitarianism, depicting a pastoral community of traditional, aristocratic people destroyed by a ruthless dictator known as the Head Forester.
Whether the novel was intended as an allegory for Nazism or for Communism, or both, is still debated. He was assigned the command of the 2nd Company of the th Regiment of the Wehrmacht, and participated in the invasion of France in , winning himself another Iron Cross. One of his duties was censoring letters; he later claimed to have saved the lives of several people by destroying letters that he knew would have run them afoul of the authorities. Apart from this, he spent most of his time visiting bookshops in Paris and spending time with artists and writers such as Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau.
He also kept a series of diaries during this period recently published in English as A German Officer in Occupied Paris which are regarded as being among his greatest works. As such, he was still regarded with suspicion by the Allies, and in the British authorities banned him from publishing for four years. He likewise travelled the world, and is said to have visited every continent except Antarctica. There is no easy answer.